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Your ultimate guide to behavioural segmentation in marketing

19 min read
Brand marketers use behavioural segmentation to understand their customers better and give them excellent content and experiences. What is it, how do you use it, and how can it help your brand grow?

What is behavioural segmentation?

Behavioural segmentation is one type of market segmentation within the field of behavioural marketing. This looks at exploring similarities between groups, audiences, prospects, and customers by their actions and behaviours. Where demographic and psychographic segmentation study who makes up your customer base, behavioural segmentation looks at what your customers do.

customer behavior stat

Customer behaviour can be grouped together based on interactions with your brand, product, or service, such as:

  • Customers’ overall knowledge and awareness of it
  • How customers buy it

In the world of ecommerce, segmenting customers can happen by examining online customer behaviour:

  • How long do they browse your website (dwell time)?
  • How rapidly do they click off your site (bounce rate)?
  • Are they new or returning customers?
  • What do they add to their basket or playlist?
  • How frequently do they abandon their cart?

Effective, data-informed behavioural segmentation has been made possible by the development of artificial intelligence. Powerful AI marketing analysis platforms can help deliver accurate and fast behavioural market segmentation. An all-in-one platform could, for example, collect behavioural data, create segment-based behaviour graphics and help deliver tailored content reports for each consumer segment.

Benefits of behavioral segmentation

Why is behavioral segmentation a key driver of ROI for your marketing spend? Developing a deeper understanding of your loyal customers is about more than looking at customer data – it’s about making your outreach efforts more effective.

As an example, just using email marketing with messaging that’s targeted using behavioural segmentation can generate 58% of all revenue, whereas marketers using segmented campaigns for emails have noted a 760% increase in revenue.

  1. Better targeting accuracy: You’ll be able to take advantage of different behaviours, and, knowing those, direct your marketing messages. For example, newer customers may be attracted to great introductory offers, while long-standing loyal customers may enjoy benefits from loyalty programs like an invitation to join an exclusive VIP club.
  2. More personal experiences: The days of blanket-bombing your email marketing lists with the same generic message are thankfully long gone. By identifying your audience’s needs, wants, concerns, and the type of messages they notice, you can connect with each one personally, making relevant offers and suggestions that they are more likely to take up.
  3. Filter the interested from the uninterested to find high customer engagement: By separating the most engaged customers from the least, you can target your product or services at people who need or want them the most.
  4. Cost-effectiveness: You can target your budget at your most interested, engaged, and valuable audiences, rather than waste it on cold leads and the uninterested.
  5. Trackable: You can track metrics within each segment, take action and improve results.
  6. Increase brand loyalty: Customers who feel special will stick with the brand that makes them feel that way. Customer loyalty increases customer lifetime value, and hence revenue for your business.

eBook: How to Drive Profits with Behavioural Customer Segmentation

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Why you should use behavioural segmentation alongside demographic and psychographic segmentation

There are different types of marketing segmentation to consider, and behavioural segmentation doesn’t happen in isolation. It works in partnership with demographic, psychographic, and

When using segmentation, marketers will often go for easy ways to divide customers. Demographic data is a simple way of grouping customers together with easy-to-source information, such as your average customer’s location, but it doesn’t provide the whole picture.

When examining your audience, psychographic data can help your brand understand the motivations behind customer behaviour. What are the interests and lifestyle choices of your existing customers compared to new customers? Does their choice of activities influence your target audience’s decision to purchase with your brand? However, just because a customer is interested in your market doesn’t mean they’re going to buy.

Behavioural segmentation examines past behaviour and applies insights to help predict future behaviour. Historical behavioural patterns often influence new decisions, and keeping loyal customers happy often means giving them opportunities to repeat past behaviours that gave them satisfaction. Overlaying this information on the other data you have—who customers are, what they’re interested in—allows you to understand purchase drivers and estimate responses to your actions.

Where other segmentation data suggest potential interactions with your brand, behavioural  Developing a holistic view of your customers through all these types of segmentation will yield valuable answers to how to target them most effectively. Used in conjunction, they become a powerful tool to increase customer lifetime and generate revenue.

Why you need to constantly evaluate your behavioural segmentation

External factors will have a constant impact on your customers’ behaviours. Geopolitical turmoil, economic disruption, new technologies or simply new consumer trends can affect the efficacy of your marketing strategies.

Evaluating your behavioural segmentation on a consistent basis means you’re not surprised when more customers turn to new channels, or customer segments no longer work as effectively. Your behavioural segments will change over time, so consistently asking for customer feedback and examining your data for new behavioural patterns will help you to meet evolving customer needs and expectations.

Types of behavioural segmentation

There are many ways your customers will interact with your brand, product or service. You’ll need to understand these behavioural variables to help create a behavioural segmentation strategy that is effective and sustainable.

AI-powered platforms can analyse all these behaviours along the customer journeys, identifying trends and patterns that will help you predict which customers are most likely to make which purchases.

The main ones are:

1. Purchasing behaviour

How do customers behave on their journey to purchase?

Purchasing behaviour can be segmented into four categories:

  • Complex: Imagine the work that goes into making a purchasing decision to buy a new home. Customers are highly involved, research in-depth, and eventually buy something that is a one-off or infrequent purchase.
  • Dissonance-reducing: Do you worry that you might regret your purchase? You’ve been highly involved in the purchasing process, but you’ve found it hard to choose between brands. Customers will seek follow-up reassurance that they made the right choice.
  • Habitual buying: Every week you go to the grocery store and buy whichever products are cheapest or on special offer. You have no brand loyalty: this is your habit.
  • Variety-seeking: You’re bored with citrus-scented shower gel, so you choose a cedarwood-scented one. The citrus one cleaned your body just fine, but you fancied variety.

2. Usage behaviour

How often do customers use your product/service and how?

This segment looks at the frequency of customer interaction with your business, and the nature of the interaction (what they do while interacting, which features they use, how long they spend, etc.). This can be further segmented into heavy, medium, and light users, and you can update your marketing strategy to target these segments accordingly.

3. Benefits sought

Which particular benefit is a customer seeking when they decide to make a purchase?

Customers place higher value on one benefit over another when choosing a product. A classic example is toothpaste. Any toothpaste can contribute to good dental health, but customers may prefer to choose:

  • Sensitivity relief
  • Whitening
  • Tartar control
  • Cavity protection
  • Gingivitis prevention
  • Fresh breath confidence
  • Gel or paste
  • Children’s
  • The cheapest

4. Occasion or timing-based

Which special occasions do customers buy for?

These include universal and personal occasions:

  • Universal occasions: Such as Thanksgiving, Halloween, Holidays, when most people are likely to make specific, seasonal purchases.
  • Recurring personal occasions: Such as birthdays, anniversaries, vacations, monthly, yearly, or quarterly purchases, daily purchases like newspapers or coffee.
  • Rare-personal occasions: Such as weddings, baby showers, college graduations. These are harder to predict.

5. Customer journey stage

Where is the customer currently along their journey?

The customer journey is, at its most basic, the process from when a customer becomes aware of a product to the point where they’ve bought it and are telling others about it. There are five touchpoints along the customer journey stages:

  • Awareness (Advertising, radio & TV, PR campaign)
  • Consideration (reviews, blogs, direct mail, and email marketing campaigns, or social ads)
  • Purchase (website, store, contact center)
  • Retention (loyalty program, community, newsletters)
  • Advocacy (word of mouth, social media, reviews)

Segmenting the customer journey stage will reveal any pain points or sticking places where the customer cannot complete their journey. For example, at Purchase, the store may habitually run out of stock, highlighting a problem with supply.

6. Customer satisfaction

How happy are your customers?

Customers’ needs, wants, and experiences change in real-time as they progress through their purchase journey. The traditional Net Promoter Score alone doesn’t really cut it anymore as it doesn’t reach all customers, and there’s too much unmonitored between-survey time. Real-time behavioural data is a much more accurate and reliable measure of customer satisfaction.

7. Customer loyalty

Which customers are the most loyal?

The most loyal customers are your most valuable as they spend the most time connected with your brand. They are:

  • Cheaper to retain
  • Have the highest customer lifetime value
  • Are your best brand advocates, contributing to brand equity

Once you’ve highlighted them, you need to find ways to maximise their value and bring in more customers like them. Behavioural segmentation gives you insights into their needs so you can retain them with special VIP privileges and rewards to strengthen the customer relationship.

8. Interests

What are your customers interested in?

If you can continually pique your individual customers’ interests, they’ll keep coming back for more. Keeping customers engaged makes it easier to increase their usage of your product or service, keep them loyal on your platform or in your store, and sell them other products.

Netflix and Spotify are masters of this, keeping subscribers watching and listening with suggested content and recommendations based on previous behavioural interest.

9. Customer engagement level

Who are your most (and least) engaged customers?

Different companies will have different interpretations of ‘engagement’. But generally speaking, when customers have positive experiences with your brand and are willing to interact with it regularly, there’s a good chance this will lead to profitable outcomes.

10. User status

How do people use your business?

This is another way to behaviourally segment different customers by how much they use your business. These can include, but are not limited to:

  • Non-users
  • Prospects
  • ‘Freemium’ users (consumers who use a free product but pay for add-ons or in-app purchases)
  • First-timers
  • Regulars
  • Defectors (previous customers who’ve switched to a competitor)

11. Spending Habits

How do customers spend their money with you?

These tell you how customers spend their money, and where and when they generally buy. This segment may include:

  • Buying online vs. in-store
  • Buying with a store credit card vs. a regular credit card
  • Using coupons vs. never using coupons
  • Visiting during sales vs. non-sale times

12. Brand Interactions

How do customers engage across all your branded channels?

This kind of behavioural segmentation tracks all interactions with your brand, both online and off, and demonstrates how engaged a customer is with your brand. Think of the Disney brand, which covers movies, merchandising, dedicated stores, websites, theme parks, vacations.

Interactions include:

  • Frequency of store visits
  • Frequency of website visits
  • Web pages visited
  • Interactions with your social media
  • Content viewed on social media
  • Frequency of purchase
  • Previous purchases

Behavioural segmentation: examples of how to utilise segment data

Once your brand has evaluated data through behavioural segmentation, you can then use this information to more effectively target your customers.

Here are some examples of what you can do with the information you’ve sourced through behavioural segmentation:

Use your most loyal customers’ information to repeat success

To illustrate this point, imagine your company is a technology brand. Your customer loyalty segmentation has unveiled which of your target audience spend the most with your business. As you discover through your customer research, it’s often because your product provides a high-quality solution to a particular tech problem, and once they purchase your solution, they often come back for more of your offering.

Your marketing efforts might have previously focused on occasion-based purchasing behaviour typical for tech companies, such as Black Friday deals, but perhaps ignored creating useful resources for solving this specific issue.

By developing blog posts, FAQs and other helpful resources aimed at customers having this problem, you can better introduce your brand to them and bring them into your customer journey. As you’ve pinpointed that customers having this issue are most likely to buy from you again once they’ve tried your solution, you’re able to get the most ROI out of this marketing strategy.

Retarget customers to encourage wanted behaviours

Now, picture your brand as a cosmetics company, sending perfume to customers. Aiming your marketing strategies at new customers based on demographic and psychographic data has proven useful, but your brand struggles to build customer lifetime value.

Using retargeting in your advertising and marketing, you can sell more products to the same customers you already have, increasing your ROI. Approximately 97% of visitors who visit your website once don’t return—which means you have to attract them back with offers that appeal.

Behavioural segmentation allows you to see what drives customer purchases, and retarget accordingly. You find that customers who have bought from you before are more likely to buy citrus-based products, so you can retarget those customers with cosmetic products in a similar scent profile. You also time your marketing strategy so that it coincides with the average repurchase time for your loyal customers, ensuring that when customers run out of their perfume, they’re reminded to come back for more.

Use behavioural segmentation to move customers along the sales journey

In this example, you run a SaaS brand that has a freemium and a paid app. You’d like more customers to go through the buying process for the paid version, rather than staying on the freemium model of your product. They’re stuck in the consideration phase of the sales journey – and you’d like to move them into the conversion stage.

5 stages of the customer journey

By examining the behavioural data of your different customers, you’re better able to see the pain points that your product solves and the benefits sought from each type of customer. Sending them in-app upgrade messages that mention the solution you provide—offering a more in-depth model, for example—that are relevant to each segment helps you to drive more conversions and therefore more upgrades.

Three case studies of behaviour segmentation

Here are a few examples of businesses that are successfully employing behavioural segmentation and connecting with customers in a more meaningful way.

Case study 1: Olay discovers new product line opportunities

behavioral segmentation case study - olay
Image from Olay

Olay, the US skincare brand, has a global customer base of young and older women. The brand used artificial intelligence in their mobile-friendly tool, Skin Advisor, which asked potential customers about their skin, their skincare routine, and what they wanted.

By collecting their answers, the team at Olay were able to:

  • Understand their target market’s usage behaviour and whether current products fit the customer needs
  • Upsell products to the customers, based on their answers
  • Build trust and increase knowledge by providing advice on their skin’s profile

Based on the results, Olay introduced fragrance-free products and Retinol24, a retinol-based product, which increased revenue. This is a great example of a business who was able to influence future customer behaviors with insights unlocked by customer data.

Case study 2: Thirdlove unlocks the key to purchasing decisions

behavioral segmentation case study - thirdlove
Image from

Thirdlove is an American company producing and selling bras, underwear, loungewear, and nightwear. They wanted to help women find the right bra for their shape and size so they created the FitFinder tool. This tool asks a number of questions regarding how often they purchase bras, what sizes are most in-demand, and the body types of its target market.

While the customer was able to find the right information to help them make the best buying decision, the tool also helped the company. By looking at the data and using behavioural segmentation, the company was able to see that the tool was a key channel towards customer purchases: they were more likely to purchase, return and spend more, so they invested more into its development..

Case study 3: Netflix develops loyal customers with bespoke recommendations

behavioral segmentation case study - netflix
Image from

This well-known entertainment streaming service brings TV series and movies to customers in a personalised way. They do this by using AI in an agile way, providing custom recommendations to the user, based on their previous viewing history.

Combining this usage data with AI algorithms means that predictions on behaviour can be made and then tested, based on what’s served up to the user in their recommendations lists. The AI program learns from the results and continues to tailor information to the user’s profile.

The amount of data collected from all users means that Netflix can see how users consume the service and where they have trouble. This gives them the right insights to be able to update and improve their user experiences, create happier customers, and provide the highest lifetime value.

How to use behavioural segmentation to help your business

Automated brand experience management programs allow you to segment target customers, identify and develop your value proposition, conduct brand research, and personalise your communications. You can then track every behavioural brand metric that matters to your business, from awareness to loyalty and advocacy, picking up and resolving all the pain points as you go.

You will understand your customers better so you can enhance the experience of existing ones, while also connecting with new ones.

Get the eBook: How to Drive Profits with Behavioural Customer Segmentation