What is Net Promoter Score (NPS)?

NPS stands for Net Promoter Score which is a metric used in customer experience programs. NPS measures the loyalty of customers to a company. NPS scores are measured with a single question survey and reported with a number from 0-100, a higher score is desirable.

NPS® is often held up as the gold standard customer experience metric. First developed in 2003 by Bain and Company, it’s now used by millions of businesses to measure and track how they’re perceived by their customers.

It measures customer perception based on one simple question:

How likely is it that you would recommend [Organization X/Product Y/Service Z] to a friend or colleague?

Respondents give a rating between 0 (not at all likely) and 10 (extremely likely) and, depending on their response, customers fall into one of 3 categories to establish an NPS score:

  • Promoters respond with a score of 9 or 10 and are typically loyal and enthusiastic customers.
  • Passives respond with a score of 7 or 8. They are satisfied with your service but not happy enough to be considered promoters.
  • Detractors respond with a score of 0 to 6. These are unhappy customers who are unlikely to buy from you again, and may even discourage others from buying from you.

Calculating Your NPS Score

It’s simple to calculate your final NPS score – just subtract the percentage of Detractors from the percentage of Promoters.

For example, if 10% of respondents are Detractors, 20% are Passives and 70% are Promoters, your NPS score would be 70-10 = 60.


FIND OUT MORE: How to Measure NPS

What Can You Measure Using NPS?

You can measure almost anything using an NPS score. In addition to understanding the overall NPS for your organization, you can track scores for everything from individual products, stores, web pages, or even staff members.

What Can You Do With Your NPS Score?

NPS is an indicator, providing an overall metric to track. It allows you to monitor improvements in a product, service or organization.

But there is so much that influences NPS. Take call center agents for example. One agent may have an NPS score of 78 while a colleague has an NPS of 32. Considered just on their scores, it’s almost impossible to understand why.

So it’s important to understand what’s driving your NPS scores. That’s where the rest of your customer feedback comes in. By gathering more data than just your customers’ likelihood to recommend you, you’re able to make links between their responses and your NPS.

Take our call center as an example again: You might also be tracking things like Average Handling Time (AHT) or First Call Resolution (FCR) or even asking for feedback on particular traits like was the agent polite or helpful.

Customer Story

See How 1-800 Contacts Increased Their NPS

These are all data points that can help you understand what’s driving your NPS score. So when you analyze the data, you can understand what’s influencing your scores.

For example, running a key driver analysis, you might find that AHT is the biggest driver of your NPS score, allowing you to prioritize improvements in order to enhance the overall experience.

You might find too that key drivers are different for different segments like age groups or genders, so you can adapt your approach to different audiences in order to offer the experience they expect.

The more data you can collect and analyze alongside your NPS score, the more you’ll be able to understand what’s driving your customer experience, allowing you to prioritize your improvements to have the biggest impact on your customers.

Related NPS Resources:

Download Our Free NPS Survey Template

NPS Survey Template