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Question List Widget (EX)

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Qtip: This page describes functionality available to dashboards in Engagement, Lifecycle, and Ad Hoc Employee Research projects. For more details on each, see Types of Employee Experience Projects.

About Question List Widgets

Question List widgets highlight your key drivers, along with highest and lowest scoring items. You can use Question List to show your users what drivers to focus on for impact, to show where they have declined since last year, or to warn that they are performing below the rest of the organization.

Question list widget

The Distribution column of this widget is calculated based off of the Scale settings. Each color of the scale indicates a different level of favorability, with the percentage on the far-left in blue indicating the percentage of participants who gave the item a high favorability rating.

Selecting Items to Display

Items selected appearing in widget to left

In the Items section, select the fields you’d like to display in the table. You may choose multiple.

All items must be the Number Set field type.


These options determine how your selected items are sorted in the widget. Sorting is incredibly important in a Question List widget, as it can determine how you frame the data in the widget.

Sort options at top and bottom of the widget editing pane. Disable sorting is far below the others

  • Default Sort By Column: Select the value that the order of items in the table should be based off. Regardless of the columns displayed, you can sort by distribution, mean, or the number of responses given.
    Example: We often recommend sorting by Impact, since this sorts your rows by r value. Sorting by Distribution sorts by engagement score/favorability, which is determined by Scale settings.
  • Default Sort By Order: Select the box to sort from highest to lowest. Deselect it to sort from lowest to highest.
  • Disable Column Sorting: Disable the ability for dashboard viewers to click column headers and sort the widget data in a different order. This keeps users from reframing how you want the data displayed.


The Sources field allows you to choose the Employee Engagement or Lifecycle survey to pull data from. By default, there will be only one source, but you can add additional surveys to your list of surveys inside the Dashboard Data. You can select multiple sources at a time.

sources field in a question list widget

High/Low Options

The Question List widget also helps you visualize highest and lowest scoring items. The more items you load into your widget, the better the widget can assess the items your team excels in, and the items they need to work on.

Showing what the view all corresponds to and where the header appears

  • # of High Statements to Show: Determine the number of high statements to display.
  • # of Low Statements to Show: Determine the number of low statements to display.
  • Show “View All” Button: When deselected, this option removes the View All button in between the high and low statements. It will not Remove the View Items with too few responses button.
  • Optional Low Statements Header: Add a header for your low statements. If you have few items loaded and are not using the high/low function, you don’t need a header. If you have many items loaded and are splitting the items by high or low, you should add a header for clarity.
Qtip: High/Low is determined by the Sort By column. For example, you’ll see in the table above that an item with a mean of 3 is listed as high, while other items with a mean of 4 are listed as low. That’s because the table is being sorted by Impact. This item’s impact is much higher than the others’, even if the mean is lower.


Impact is the r-value, which measures the correlation coefficient between each item in the table and a chosen outcome metric. Impact calculates the score for the category first, and then a correlation calculation is performed against that score using the standard Pearson Correlation.

Steps to setting up an impact column

  1. Select Show Impact column.
  2. Select an Impact Measure. This is a measure you think will be impacted by how people scored on the items in the table.
    Qtip: Impact follows a standard statistical approach called pairwise deletion, where missing data points are excluded from the calculation. If a respondent skips the question used as the Impact Measure, or any of the items in the table, their response won’t be included in the correlation calculation for the question(s) they skipped.
  3. In the impact column, the circles will get larger as the r value approaches 1.
  4. Highlight a circle to see the exact r value.

Sorting is done based on the absolute value of the correlation. For example, a strong negative correlation is still a strong correlation and thus a strong driver of your engagement outcome.

Qtip: You cannot sort by impact until you set an Impact column.

Qtip: Occasionally the r-value cannot be calculated.  In this scenario, the Impact column will be present in the widget, but will display no data.


Additional Display Options

image of a question list widget with the display options

  • Show Response Counts: Show the number of responses for each statement.
  • Show Action Planning: Will display a plus (+) sign the individual can click to add an action plan they can later edit in the Action Planning Editor widget.
  • Show Average: Show the average rating provided for each item displayed.
  • Show All Percents: Display the percent of respondents who fell into each engagement category.


You can add both benchmarks and comparisons as comparison data in your Question List widget.

Loading comparisons

In order to add a comparison to the widget, you will have to ensure that you have at least one benchmark added in your Benchmark Editor or at least one comparison added in your Comparisons section of your dashboard Settings.

Note than you can add multiple comparisons, if you would like.


The metric is another field that determines how the numbers along the x-axis are calculated. You can either present results based on engagement or average.

  • Favorability: Base your data on favorability. This is calculated as an engagement score, the percentage of participants who rated favorably on the set scale. For more on setting favorability scales, see Scales.
  • Average: Base your data on the average value. In a Heat Map, that means you see the average of everyone’s score in a group. You cannot set your metric to average until Show Average is enabled in your widget’s display options.
    Qtip: Depending on the number of scale points, it may be difficult to get a large range for average. Consider adjusting your value ranges to include decimals.

Display As

Once your comparison is added and you’ve decided on the metric, you can display the comparison data as +/- Delta Base Value (displays the difference between your survey data and your comparison data) or as the Base Value (displays the actual value of your comparison data).

Qtip: Positive changes are highlighted in green, and negative changes are highlighted in red. For example, if your current score on an item is +0.26 higher this year compared to last year, that means you improved since last year, so the change is green. If your current score on an item is -0.05 lower than last year, this shows you got worse on this item, and so the change is red. Remember to set your scales and note where items are reversed.

Significance Testing

When displaying comparisons or benchmarks on your widgets, you’ll see a lot of changes from one group to another. But are these changes to be expected, or are they representative of something deeper? How can you decide what changes demand your attention? Thankfully, you can flag whether a difference is statistically significant.

Enabling Significance Testing

a question list widget being set up to use statistical testing

  1. Add a comparison or benchmark to your widget.
    Qtip: To use significance testing, you must make sure your comparison is set to display number values as +/- Delta.
  2. Choose your display Metric. You can choose either Average or Favorability.
    Qtip: Don’t see the option to select a metric? Make sure Show Average is first enabled in your widget’s Display Options. If the Metric dropdown is not visible, then the display metric is Favorability.
  3. Select Enable Significance Testing.
  4. Select your Confidence Interval.

Types of Significance Tests

The type of significance testing that is being performed varies based on your chosen metric and whether you have added a benchmark or a comparison.

Favorability Average
Comparisons A two proportion z-test. Here, we are comparing proportions of favorability for two populations.

Qtip: For statistical tests that are set up with comparisons, the test will be performed with the comparison as it is configured, and will not attempt to remove any overlap between the samples being compared. For example, if your comparison is a subgroup vs. the company overall, the company overall includes the subgroup as well.
An independent samples t-test. Here, we are comparing two different distributions of scores: the current project’s survey results against the comparisons’ survey results.

Qtip: For statistical tests that are set up with comparisons, the test will be performed with the comparison as it is configured, and will not attempt to remove any overlap between the samples being compared. For example, if your comparison is a subgroup vs. the company overall, the company overall includes the subgroup as well.
Benchmark One sample test of binomial proportions. Here, we are comparing expected proportion (a benchmark) to the experimental proportion of the binomial question: is this favorable or unfavorable. One sample t-test. Here, we are comparing the benchmark mean (which is a single value) to the current survey’s results, which is a distribution of values.

The sample size for categories is the average number of responses across the items in the category.

Qtip: Only benchmarks that are comparisons with Top Box / Bottom Box can be added to this widget.

Understanding Significance in a Widget

The Confidence Interval indicates how confident you would like to be that the results generated through the analysis match the general population. Higher confidence levels raise the threshold for a difference to be considered statistically significant, meaning only the clearest differences will be marked as such.

Once you have enabled significance testing, only the changes that are significant will appear in color, with arrows to indicate the direction of the change. Insignificant changes will be in gray.

Question list widget with the styling described on the comparison column


You have two options for formatting data in a Question List widget.

Horizontal bar visualization selected

The default (and highly recommended) option in the horizontal bar. (Seen in the screenshot above.)

The second option is the Percentile visualization. The percentile visualization will only work if you have percentile benchmarks set up. Regular benchmarks will not work with this visualization. This visualization is not recommend for the average user.